Driver Licensing Policies and Practices



Welcome to the searchable database showing each state and province's Driver Licensing Policies and Practices affecting older and medically-at-risk drivers. Click on the drop-down list to see how each state addresses the topic of interest to you. For a more detailed description of each item included in the database, mouse your cursor over the individual column headers.

After searching here, you may also be interested in the complementary Noteworthy Initiatives database.

This project was funded by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, Transport Canada, and the Ontario Neurotrama Foundation.

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1. Vision Requirements for Licensure


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Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
AB 20/50 20/50 Annual report from eye specialist for certain conditions such as glaucoma or cataract until condition resolved. No No 120° horizontal, 15° above and below fixation, binocular
AK 20/40 20/100 Report from eye specialist Yes Yes None
AL 20/40 20/60 Periodic follow-ups from physician if progressive conditions exists Yes Yes 110 horizontal, 80 vertical (binocular)
AR 20/40 20/50 NA Yes Yes 140° binocular; 105° monocular
AZ 20/40 20/60 Yes Yes 70° temporal, 35° nasal monocular
BC 20/50 both eyes open and examined together 20/70 20/70 vision requires successful completion of road test. Worse than 20/70 generally not licensed but may request additional assessment. No No 120° horizontal, 15° above and below fixation, binocular
CA 20/40 Better than 20/200 Case by case basis Yes No None
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
CO 20/40 None No minimum requirement with vision specialist authorization and approval. Yes Yes 55° nasal and temporal (binocular)
CT 20/40 20/200 20/40 to 20/70 for normal restricted license. No No 140° binocular; 100° monocular
DC 20/40 20/70 With 140 degree visual field No No 130° binocular (110° approved by director)
DE 20/40 20/50 Yes Yes None
FL 20/40 20/70 If one eye 20/200 or worse, other eye must be 20/40 or better. If one eye 20/200 of better, other eye or both eyes must be 20/70 or better. No No 130° binocular
GA 20/60 20/60 Yes Yes 140° binocular; 70° temporal 50° nasal monocular
HI 20/40 20/40 Yes No 140° binocular, 70° monocular
IA 20/40 20/199 MAB recommendation if worse than 20/100 No No 140° binocular
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
ID 20/40 20/60 Annual testing Yes Yes None
IL 20/40 20/70 Yes Yes 140° binocular; 105° monocular (70° temporal, 35° nasal)
IN 20/40 20/70 Yes Yes 120° binocular; 70° monocular
KS 20/40 None Worse than 20/60 requires doctor opinon, demonstration of ability. Worse then 20/100 submitted for medical review, worse than 20/400 privileges denied. Yes No 110° binocular; 55° monocular
KY 20/60 20/60 Yes Yes 35° horizontal, 25° vertical monocular
LA 20/40 None Less than 20/40 referred to vision specialist; 20/70 to 20/100 would require road skills test; 20/100 to 20/200 referred to MAB; over 20/200 license suspend ed. Yes Yes 110° binocular; 40° temporal 30° nasal monocular
MA 20/40 20/70 Yes Yes 120° total horizontal peripheral
MB 20/50 20/60 Drivers with acuity < 20/60 may be eligible for individualized assessment. Yes; Case by case basis Yes; Case by case basis 120° horizontal binocular
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
MD 20/40 20/100 Requires MAB recommendation Yes, with MAB recommendation No 110° binocular
ME 20/40 20/70 Daylight driving only geographic restriction operation within 25 miles of home only No* No* 110° binocular
MI 20/40 20/70 20/60 if progressive condition Yes Yes 90° binocular
MN 20/40 20/80 Referred to MAB Yes, with built-in bioptic lenses, after special testing No 105° binocular or special testing
MO 20/40 in at least one eye 20/160 Based on reading with or without corrective lenses may receive daylight driving only or 45 mph restrictions. Would be required to test if vision reading was 20/75 to 20/160. Yes No 55° monocular (85° if one eye only)
MS 20/40 20/200 Yes Yes 150° binocular; 70° temporal 35° nasal monocular
MT 20/40 20/100 Yes No None (commercial only)
NB 20/40 (better eye) None No No 120° horizontal binocular
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
NC 20/40 20/100 20/70 if one eye blind Yes No 110° binocular; 60° monocular
ND 20/40 20/80 with 20/80-20/100 in other eye Yes Yes 105° degrees, binocular or monocular
NE 20/40 20/70 If other eye not blind Yes Yes 100° binocular
NH 20/40 (20/30 if one eye) 20/40 in two eyes, or 20/30 in one eye Yes Yes None
NJ 20/50 None Less than 20/50 requires form completion by doctor Yes Yes None
NL 20/50 None Report from eye specialist plus extensive on-road assessment No No 120° horizontal binocular
NM 20/40 20/40 If not 20/40 or better in at least one eye, requires vision report Yes Yes 120° temporal, 30° nasal monocular
NS 20/40 (better eye) None No No 120° horizontal binocular
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
NT 20/50 20/50 Only on a case by case basis Yes; Case by case basis Yes; Case by case basis 120° horizontal, 15° vertical (binocular) individual assessmen
NU 20/50 20/50 Report from eye specialist Yes Yes 120° horizontal, 15° above and below fixation, binocular
NV 20/40 20/70 20/60 if progressive condition. Other eye 20/50 or better if one eye 20/100 or worse Yes Yes 110° binocular (130 if bioptic used)
NY 20/40 20/70 Periodic reporting of current vision Yes Yes 140° binocular
OH 20/40 20/70 Added requirements if less than 20/200 in one eye Yes Yes 70° temporal monocular
OK 20/50 (20/60 if one eye) 20/100 Visual field requirements as well No No 70° horizontal meridian (binocular)
ON 20/50 20/50 No No 120° horizontal, 15° above and below fixation, binocular
OR 20/40 20/70 Bioptics required for driving if acuity in better eye is between 20/80 and 20/200. Yes No 110° binocular or monocular (120° if bioptic used)
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
PA 20/40 20/70 to 20/100 Pass driver's skills test, mirrors on both sides of vehicle, plotted visual fields and driver record review annually, no motorcycles, limited to roads other than freeways, no vehicles over 10,000 pound gross weight Yes No 120° binocular or monocular
PEI 20/50 20/60 No No 120° horizontal, 15° above and below fixation, binocular
QC 20/50 20/200 Report from eye specialist (required for any corrected vision) Yes No 100° horizontal and 10° above and 20° below fixation, binocular. Minimum 30° to each side of vertical axis.
RI 20/40 20/40 No No 115° binocular; 75° temporal, 40° nasal monocular
SC 20/40 20/70 20/70 in better eye if at least 20/200 in other eye. If worse than 20/200 in other eye, must have at least 20/40 in better eye. Yes No None (refer to MAB if <140°)
SD 20/40 20/60 Worse than 20/40 requires doctor's opinion and restrictions. Yes Yes None
SK 20/50 20/60 (better eye) Report from eye specialist. Distance judgment test. Road test and restrictions. No No 120° horizontal, 15° above and below fixation, binocular
TN 20/40 20/60 Yes Yes None
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
TX 20/40 20/70 20/50 to 20/70 requires ccorrective lenses Yes Yes None
UT 20/40 20/100 If vision is 20/50 or worse in better eye, may be restricted No No 60° binocular with at least 30° to the right and left
VA 20/40 20/70 Yes Yes 70° binocular and monocular
VT 20/40 20/40 Yes Yes 60° monocular (60° temporal and nasal if one eye only)
WA 20/40 20/100 Yes Yes 110° binocular and monocular
WI 20/40 20/100 Yes No 70° better eye for unrestricted; individual testing if less
WV 20/40 20/60 Report from eye specialist Yes Yes None (non-bioptic drivers)
WY 20/40 20/100 Vision specialist report and road test required if vision less than 20/40 Yes Yes 120° binocular
Visual Acuity Requirements Bioptic Telescopes
State
or
Prov
For Non-Restricted License Minimum for Licensure Added Requirements if Minimum Allowed for Driving Allowed to Meet Vision Standards Visual field requirements
YK 20/50 20/50 No No 120° horizontal, 15° above and below fixation, binocular
 

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